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NEW DELHI: Gujarat has emerged on top of the index of export preparedness, followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, while the newly created union territory Jammu and Kashmir is at the bottom of the list.
Among the landlocked states, Rajasthan has emerged as a top performer. Except for export growth and orientation, the state has performed tremendously well across all pillars and sub-pillars of the index, the report showed. Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir are some of the weaker states in this category.
Uttarakhand and Delhi are the top-performing states within the category of Himalayan states and city states.
Government think-tank NITI Aayog, in collaboration with the IFC’s Institute of Competitiveness, released the Export Preparedness Index (EPI) 2020. The first report to examine export preparedness and performance of Indian states, EPI intends to identify challenges and opportunities; enhance the effectiveness of government policies; and encourage a supportive regulatory framework.
The structure of the EPI includes four pillars – policy, business ecosystem, export ecosystem and export performance – and 11 sub-pillars – export promotion policy, institutional framework, business environment, infrastructure, transport connectivity, access to finance, export infrastructure, trade support, R&D infrastructure, export diversification, and growth orientation.
NITI Aayog has been spearheading a number of indices in several sectors to rank states, districts to enhance effectiveness of policies and data-driven intervention. The latest index comes at a time when the country’s exports have been sharply hit by the coronavirus pandemic and the national lockdown aimed at warding off the spread of the infection.
“The Indian economy holds immense potential to become a strong exporter on the world stage. To realise this potential, it is crucial that India turns to its states and union territories and makes them active participants in the country’s export efforts,” said NITI Aayog vice chairman Rajiv Kumar.
“In an attempt to realise this vision, the Export Preparedness Index 2020 evaluates states’ potentials and capacities. It is hoped that the detailed insights from this Index will guide all stakeholders towards strengthening the export ecosystem at both the national and sub-national levels,” said Kumar.
The report said Maharashtra’s success can be used as a best practice measure for other states. It has 18 sectoral export promotion councils that focus on key exporting industries such as pharmaceuticals, gems and jewellery and processed food products. The state government also has a grievance redressal office for any information or resolution of problems. Maharashtra is one of the few states to have an export newsletter which updates exporters about the latest policy changes within the state and the current export scenario, the report said.

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